Ubuntu 12.04LTS

  • MPLS is not supported on Ubuntu 12.04 with default kernel. MPLS requires Linux Kernel 4.5 or higher (LDP can be built, but may have limited use without MPLS) For an updated Ubuntu Kernel, see http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/

Install required packages

Add packages:

apt-get install \
   git autoconf automake libtool make gawk libreadline-dev texinfo \
   dejagnu pkg-config libpam0g-dev libjson0-dev flex python-pip \
   libc-ares-dev python3-dev python3-sphinx install-info

Install newer bison from 14.04 package source (Ubuntu 12.04 package source is too old)

mkdir builddir
cd builddir
wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/b/bison/bison_3.0.2.dfsg-2.dsc
wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/b/bison/bison_3.0.2.dfsg.orig.tar.bz2
wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/b/bison/bison_3.0.2.dfsg-2.debian.tar.gz
tar -jxvf bison_3.0.2.dfsg.orig.tar.bz2
cd bison-3.0.2.dfsg/
tar xzf ../bison_3.0.2.dfsg-2.debian.tar.gz
sudo apt-get build-dep bison
debuild -b -uc -us
cd ..
sudo dpkg -i ./libbison-dev_3.0.2.dfsg-2_amd64.deb ./bison_3.0.2.dfsg-2_amd64.deb
cd ..
rm -rf builddir

Install newer version of autoconf and automake:

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/autoconf/autoconf-2.69.tar.gz
tar xvf autoconf-2.69.tar.gz
cd autoconf-2.69
./configure --prefix=/usr
sudo make install
cd ..

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/automake/automake-1.15.tar.gz
tar xvf automake-1.15.tar.gz
cd automake-1.15
./configure --prefix=/usr
sudo make install
cd ..

Install pytest:

pip install pytest

The libyang library can be installed from third-party packages available here.

Note: the libyang dev/devel packages need to be installed in addition to the libyang core package in order to build FRR successfully.

For example, for CentOS 7.x:

wget https://ci1.netdef.org/artifact/LIBYANG-YANGRELEASE/shared/build-1/CentOS-7-x86_64-Packages/libyang-0.16.46-0.x86_64.rpm
wget https://ci1.netdef.org/artifact/LIBYANG-YANGRELEASE/shared/build-1/CentOS-7-x86_64-Packages/libyang-devel-0.16.46-0.x86_64.rpm
sudo rpm -i libyang-0.16.46-0.x86_64.rpm libyang-devel-0.16.46-0.x86_64.rpm

or Ubuntu 18.04:

wget https://ci1.netdef.org/artifact/LIBYANG-YANGRELEASE/shared/build-1/Ubuntu-18.04-x86_64-Packages/libyang-dev_0.16.46_amd64.deb
wget https://ci1.netdef.org/artifact/LIBYANG-YANGRELEASE/shared/build-1/Ubuntu-18.04-x86_64-Packages/libyang_0.16.46_amd64.deb
sudo apt install libpcre3-dev
sudo dpkg -i libyang-dev_0.16.46_amd64.deb libyang_0.16.46_amd64.deb

Alternatively, libyang can be built and installed manually by following the steps below:

git clone https://github.com/opensourcerouting/libyang
cd libyang
git checkout -b tmp origin/tmp
mkdir build; cd build
sudo make install

When building libyang on CentOS 6, it’s also necessary to pass the -DENABLE_CACHE=OFF parameter to cmake.

Note: please check the libyang build requirements first.

Get FRR, compile it and install it (from Git)

This assumes you want to build and install FRR from source and not using any packages

Add frr groups and user

sudo groupadd -r -g 92 frr
sudo groupadd -r -g 85 frrvty
sudo adduser --system --ingroup frr --home /var/run/frr/ \
   --gecos "FRR suite" --shell /sbin/nologin frr
sudo usermod -a -G frrvty frr

Download Source, configure and compile it

(You may prefer different options on configure statement. These are just an example.)

git clone https://github.com/frrouting/frr.git frr
cd frr
./configure \
    --prefix=/usr \
    --enable-exampledir=/usr/share/doc/frr/examples/ \
    --localstatedir=/var/run/frr \
    --sbindir=/usr/lib/frr \
    --sysconfdir=/etc/frr \
    --enable-multipath=64 \
    --enable-user=frr \
    --enable-group=frr \
    --enable-vty-group=frrvty \
    --enable-configfile-mask=0640 \
    --enable-logfile-mask=0640 \
    --enable-fpm \
    --with-pkg-git-version \
make check
sudo make install

Create empty FRR configuration files

sudo install -m 755 -o frr -g frr -d /var/log/frr
sudo install -m 775 -o frr -g frrvty -d /etc/frr
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/zebra.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/bgpd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/ospfd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/ospf6d.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/isisd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/ripd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/ripngd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/pimd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/ldpd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frr /dev/null /etc/frr/nhrpd.conf
sudo install -m 640 -o frr -g frrvty /dev/null /etc/frr/vtysh.conf

Enable IP & IPv6 forwarding

Edit /etc/sysctl.conf and uncomment the following values (ignore the other settings)

# Uncomment the next line to enable packet forwarding for IPv4

# Uncomment the next line to enable packet forwarding for IPv6
#  Enabling this option disables Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
#  based on Router Advertisements for this host

Reboot or use sysctl -p to apply the same config to the running system

Install the init.d service

sudo install -m 755 tools/frr /etc/init.d/frr
sudo install -m 644 tools/etc/frr/daemons /etc/frr/daemons
sudo install -m 644 -o frr -g frr tools/etc/frr/vtysh.conf /etc/frr/vtysh.conf

Enable daemons

Edit /etc/frr/daemons and change the value from “no” to “yes” for those daemons you want to start by systemd.
For example.

Start the init.d service

  • /etc/init.d/frr start
  • use /etc/init.d/frr status to check its status.